Texas Rehab Centers Pro Can Help You Find The Best Dual Diagnosis Rehab In Texas
Drug addiction is defined by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) as a chronic disorder that disrupts the brain’s functions causing an uncontrollable impulse to use a substance. It is a mental illness. However, like other chronic illnesses, drug addiction can be treated.
Understanding a person’s substance use disorder is essential to find the right treatment program for them. Correct diagnosis is a key to successful long-term recovery. If the person who has substance use disorder gets an inadequate diagnosis, the treatment plan can fail and the patient will not be supported properly to cope with the illnesses.
What are the common substances that can cause mental problems?
Drug addiction affects brain functions leading to several mental health conditions such us hallucinations, aggression, depression, and paranoia, among other problems.
Among the substances known to cause mental health problems are inhalants, cocaine, kratom, ketamine, LSD, marijuana, methamphetamine, ketamine, PCP, MDMA, prescription stimulants, and steroids. The abuse of these substances often leads to a dual diagnosis where a person has both a mental illness and substance use disorder.
What is dual-diagnosis?
When a person suffers from both mental illness and substance use disorder, the term used to describe the condition is co-occurring disorders or comorbidity, a term in the medical field which describes the occurrence of two disorders or illnesses in the same person. It is also referred to as dual diagnosis.
Patients with anxiety or mood disorders, antisocial personality, or conduct disorder, are twice as likely to suffer from a drug use disorders. Studies have shown that those who have severe mental illness are more likely to have a co-occurring substance use disorder. The same risk is true for individuals with substance use disorder.
A national survey in 2014 revealed that 7.9 million Americans have co-occurring addiction and mental illness. The number has increased to 8.1 million by 2015. Government data also shows that approximately 43.4 million American aged 18 and older experienced mental illness aside from developmental or drug use disorder in the same year.
It is often difficult to establish which disorder caused the other. Experts, however, explain the scenarios that:
1) during the use of substance, users experience symptoms of another mental illness;
2) a mental disorder can lead to drug abuse when a person attempts to self-medicate; and;
3) drug addiction and mental disorder occur due to factors including, genetic vulnerabilities, brain conditions, or trauma.
How to Treat Dual Diagnosis Mental Illness and Addiction
According to NIDA, treating co-occurring disorders is possible when a patient gets treatment from centers offering a dual diagnosis. Treatment programs need integrated services to address the substance use disorder and the psychiatric disorder.
A comprehensive approach is needed to accurately identify and evaluate each disorder, which can occur simultaneously or sequentially. There should be a broad assessment tool to make sure nothing will be missed during the diagnosis.
When patients are admitted to a rehab center for drug addiction or psychiatric illness, the person should also get a screening for substance abuse and vice versa. Constant monitoring is needed to observe when a patient undergoes drug treatment. After a period of abstinence, health practitioners may observe other co-occurring mental disorder leading to a more accurate diagnosis.